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中考英语听力最常考的30个对话情景
来源: | 作者: | 时间:2018-04-23 | 浏览  | 设置字体:

 

一、打电话(Making phone calls)

 

1、请给某人/某单位打电话

Would/could/can you ring up...?请你...打电话好吧?

句中ring up意思是“给某人打电话”,除了用ring up外,还可用call, call up, telephone 等,意思相同 can you...?用得最普通:could/would you...?用在正式场合,比较礼貌。

 

2、电话拨不通时常说:

The line is busy , I can‘t get through.电话占线,我打不通。

/ I’ll try again later.我过一会儿再打.

其中line指电话线路,get through 指接通电话。

 

3、电话拨通后相互打招呼:

Hello,(name or telephone number)你好,(并通报本人的姓名或单位名称或电话号码)Hello,is that...speaking?你是...吗? / Who is that speaking/calling?你是谁?/ Who is speaking/calling, please?你是谁?

应答时常说:Yes,(this is)...speaking. 是的,我是..../ Yes, it‘s...here. 我是....

 

4、打电话请对方找人或留言:

Is...in/at home? 某某在家吗?/ Can/may/could I speak to..., please?请...接电话好吗?/ Will/would you give a message to..., please?请给...捎个口信好吗? / Would you tell him my telephone number, please? 请你把我的电话号码告诉他好吗?/ Can/could you ask...to ring me back, please?请叫...给?#19968;?#20010;电话好吗?

 

应答时常说:

Hold on/Wait a minute/One moment, please. 请等一等 / I‘m sorry...is not in./at home now.对不起,...现在不在 / Can I take a message? 我能给你捎口信好吗?/ Does he have your telephone number?他有你的电话号码吗?/ I’ll ask him to call you back. ?#21307;?#20182;给你回电话

 

二、劝告和建议(Advice and suggestion)

1、You‘d better (not)do sth... 你最好(不)干..../ You should do sth. 你应该干..../ You need(to)do sth. 你需要干....

2、Why don‘t you do sth? 为什么不..../ Why not do sth? 为什么不....这是以反问的方?#25945;?#20986;劝告或建议,含有建议对方去干某事的意思,而不是询问对方为何不去干某事的原因.

3、What/How about +名?#39542;?#21160;名词...? 这种句型表达随便的建议,有征求对方意见的意思,多数情况下是建议和对方一起做某事。

4、“Shall we...?”这种句型用于建议对?#25509;?#33258;己一起做什么,是一种普通的表示建议的方法。它和“Let‘s..., shall we?”句型可以互换,在回答时,如果赞成这个建议,常用“Yes, let's…”或“OK, let’s…”

5、用suggest作谓语的陈述句

这种句子用于表达比较正式的建议,在会议上和讨论中使用较多,也常用于书面形式,后面常跟名词、动名?#39542;騮hat从句作宾语.注意跟从句时,从句中动词用动?#35797;?#24418;式should+动?#35797;?#24418;。

6、用Let‘s开头的祈使句

这是最普通的表达建议的方法,建议对方和自己一起做什么.let's后接动?#35797;?#24418;.若句尾加上“shall we?”, “OK?”等用于征求对方法的词语,从而使语气委婉得多。

注意:对对方的建议表?#23601;?#24847;时常用的答语为:

Great太好了,That‘s a good idea.真是个好主意。对对方的建议表示不同意,或根本不能满足对方的要求而表示歉意时的常用答语为: I’m afraid that... ?#19994;?#24515;....,我恐怕.....I‘m afraid not. 恐拍不?#23567;?/span>

7、用should,ought to等情态动词来表示“劝告”

8、用动词advise,名词advice表示劝告

 

三、表示问候(Expressing greetings)

 

1、直?#28216;?#20505;

?#35805;?#25171;招呼用语,答语通常是重复对方的话

Hello.你好!Hi嗨!Good morning(afternoon, evening)早上(下午、晚上)好

2.您好!初次见面打招呼的用语How do you do? / Glad to meet you.

答语也是“How do you do? / Glad to meet you.”

3.对有一段时候没有见面的熟人可选用这些句型:How are you?/ How have you been?你(您)好吗?

答语往往是:“Fine, thank you. And you?”

4.向认识但不常见面的人打招呼,可选用这些表达法. How‘s everything with you?/ How is everything going? / How are you getting on? / What’s no/ up? 近来怎么样?

答语可用:“Pretty well“/ ” Very well“ ”Everything is OK(一切顺利)“Not too bad“还好”

5.对于不认识想要叫他(她)停下来时,可选用这些说法:Hey, sir(madam)喂,先生(小姐)/ Just a moment, sir(madam)等一下,先生(小姐)注意:此时不能说:“Hey! You!”

 

2、间?#28216;?#20505;

1.Please give one‘s(one’s 代表不同人称的物主代词(如: my, our... 等) regards/best wishes/ love to.../ Please remember me to sb.请向某人问好/请向某人致意。

2.“Say hi/hello to...(from me)”意为“向...致意/问候”.这相当于Please give my best regards/wishes to...(请代我向...问好)的意思。

对于上述问候,其答语为:Of course/Sure , I will等。

 

四、?#34892;?#19982;应答(Thanks and responses)

Thank you/ Thanks谢谢! / Thank you very much非常?#34892;唬?/ Thank you so much/ Thanks a lot多谢 / Thank you very much indeed 应该好好?#34892;?#20320; / Thanks a million万?#25351;行唬?/ I don‘t know how to thank you真不知该怎样?#34892;?#20320;I’m really grateful to you.非常?#34892;?#20320;! That‘s most kind of you你心眼儿真好/ You’re kind! 你真好。

如果别人想为你办事,可你觉得不必麻烦他或者别人替你办事没有办成但你还要?#34892;?#20182;,这时你可以说:

Thank you just the same.同样?#34892;?#20320;的好意 / Thank you all the same.同样得?#34892;?#20320; / It‘s very considerate of you.你考虑得真周到!/ It’s most thoughtful of you.你想得真周到!

在回答别人的?#34892;?#26102;,常说:

You‘re welcome不客气 / Not at all 没事儿 / Don’t mention it 不用谢 / It‘s my pleasure 我很乐意. / No trouble at all 一点也不麻烦 / It was the least I could do 这是我应该做的/ I’m glad I could do it.我很高兴能这么做 / That‘s all right.?#36824;?#31995;,不用谢 / I’m delighted to have been able to do that for you 能为你效劳我很高兴 / It‘s really nothing at all 算不了什么,不用谢

 

五、介绍(Introductions)

 

介绍某人的常用表达式

I‘ll introduce you.我来给你介绍......../ I want to introduce.....我想介绍.... / May I introduce you to...? 我把你介绍给...好吗? / I’d like you to meet... 我想让你见见.... / It‘s with great pleasure that I introduce.....to you.很荣幸让?#21307;?#32461;.......给你./ Let me introduce you to......让我把你介绍给....... / By the way, do you know......? 顺便问一问,你认识.......吗?

 

对介绍的应答

How do you do? 你好!/ I‘m pleased to know you.很高兴认识你./ Very glad to meet you.很高兴认识你./ Nice to meet you.很高兴认识你. / It’s a pleasure to meet you.认识你很高兴。

 

六、祝愿、祝贺及应答(Good wishes, congratulations and responses)

 

1、当某人取得成功时

I have passed the examination! 我已经通过考试了.

Congratulations(to you)祝贺你!

 

2、当某人外出旅行时

Good luck with your trip! 祝您们旅途平安! Have a good trip/journey.=I wish you a good trip/journey.祝你旅途愉快,祝你一路顺风。/ Good trip to you./Nice journey to you.祝你旅途愉快 / Have a nice/pleasant/wonderful time.=I wish you a nice/pleasant/wonderful time.祝你过得愉快,祝你玩得痛快。

 

3、当某人生日时 A: Happy birthday to you;生日快乐!B: Thank you!谢谢!

 

4、当某人即将做某事时

A:I will take the exams tomorrow.我明天将参加考试.B: Good luck (to you)!(I wish you success!)祝您顺利!(祝您成功!)

注:上述几点中祝愿(贺)的回答可用. Thanks./thank you/thanks a lot.或It‘s kind of you to say so.谢谢. /多谢. /谢谢您./谢谢你这么说。

 

5、在公共节日里

A: Happy New Year(to you)! 新年快乐!

B: Thanks. The same to you!(Happy New Year to you, too!)谢谢!您也一样!(也祝您新年快乐!)

 

七、请求允许和应答(Asking for permission and responses)

 

1、Can I/Could I/May I...? 我可不可以...?

这个是请求对?#30342;?#35768;自己做某事的最普通的交际用语,其中could I...?语气最婉转;May I...? 常用在比较正式的场合;Can I...? 用得最广泛。

对于所提出的请求表示允许或同意时,可说:Yes./Sure./Certainly.当然可以.Of course, you may.当然可以.Yes, do please.请吧。Go ahead, please.请吧。That‘s Ok. /all right. 好的。

对于所提出的请求表示不允许或不同意时,可说:No, pleased don‘t.请不要./I’m sorry you can‘t.对不起,你不可以/...I’m sorry, but...对不起,但是.... /You‘d better not...你最好别....

 

2、Do you mind if I do...?

这是用来表示“请求许可”的交际用语.句中的mind作“介意”、“反对”解.整句的意思是“如果我干某事,你反对/介意吗?”或“我干某事,”好吗?注意:当我们用“Do you mind if...”时,if从句中的谓语动词?#35805;?#29992;现在时;当我们用“Would you mind if...”时,if从句中的谓语动词?#35805;?#29992;过去时,这时语气更加婉转.应答时,如果表示“允许/不介意”,常说:No, I don‘t mind. 我不介意/我允许。Certainly not / Of course not. 当然不介意.No, go ahead. 不介意,你干吧.Not at all. 一点也不介意。如果表示“不允许/介意”时,常说:I’m sorry you can‘t...很抱歉,你不能....I’m afraid....恐怕....I‘m afraid it’s not allowed. 恐怕这是不允许的.

 

3、I wonder if I could/can...? 我想知道我能否...?

这也是用来表示“请求许可”的交际用语.句中的wonder作“想知道”解,后面常跟if从句.整个句子的意思是“我想知道我是否可以......?”用以委婉地提出请求。应答时,如果允许,常说:Sure, go ahead./Yes, please do.可以,请吧. Yes/Of course/Certainly. 当然可以,如果不允许,可以说: I‘m sorry, but... 对不起,...I’m afraid not. 恐怕不行.No, please don‘t. 请不要.......You’d better not... 你最好别.....

 

八、请求(Requests)

 

1、用may(can, could),来表达

表?#23601;?#24847;请求的应答:yes, you may(can)是的/certainly(=of course/Sure.)当然可以/Yes, do please,好的,请吧。

注:上述回答中can不能换成could因为could在?#35805;?#30097;问句中表示委婉的请求,而在肯定句中,则无此功能.

表示不同意请求的应答:No, you mustn‘t,不可以/No, you can’t,不能.No, you‘d better not你最好不这样/Please don’t 请不要这样/Sorry, I‘m afraid not,对不起,恐怕不能。

 

2、用Shall来表达

表?#23601;?#24847;的请求应答:Yes, I‘d like to.好的,我愿意./All right(=OK)好的/(That’s a)Good idea 好主意./Yes, Let‘s.好的,让我们走吧.

表示不同意请求的应答:Please don‘t.请不要这样./I don’t think so.我认为不要这样./I‘m afraid not,恐怕不能

 

3、用Would, Will, Would(Will)you please...?/Would you like...? 来表达

表?#23601;?#24847;请求的应答:Yes, I‘d like to.(=Yes, I’d love to.=Yes, I‘ll be glad to.=Yes, I should I like to)是的,我愿意./With pleasure.十分愿意.

注:上述回答中介词to均不能省略.

表示不同意请求的应答:I‘d like (love)to, but I’m busy,我很想,但我很忙./I‘m sorry, but I’m busy.对不起,我很忙./I‘m afraid not恐怕不能./I’d really like to, but I have no time.我的确很愿意,可我没时间.

 

4、用please 来表达.

表?#23601;?#24847;请求的应答:OK,(=All right.)好的./of course.(=Sure.=Certainly.)当然可以./With pleasure.十分愿意。

表示不同意请求的应答:I‘m sorry, but I’m busy,对不起,我很忙,/I‘m afraid not 恐怕不?#23567;?/span>

 

九、道歉和应答(Apologize and responses)

Excuse me for...... 请原谅我....../ Pardon me for....... 请原谅我......./ I‘m really sorry for..... / ?#33402;?#20026;.......感到抱歉.I’m awfully sorry. I don‘t mean to...... 我非常抱歉,我无意....../ I’m so sorry. It‘s all my fault. 我十?#30452;?#27465;,都是我的过错./ I’m terribly sorry about..... 我对......非常抱歉./ It was wrong of me to do....... 做......是我的过错./ I really feel bad about...... ?#33402;?#23545;........感到难过 ./ I regret that...... 我后悔......./ I do apologize about......我对.......表示道歉. / I hope you‘ll pardon me for....希望你能原谅我....... / I must make an apology for.....我必须对.....表示道歉 ./ Please forgive me for......请原谅我.......

 

对道歉的反应

It really isn‘t worth mentioning.实在不值得一提.Don’t say more about it.不要再提它了.Never mind, it doesn‘t really matter.?#36824;?#31995;,真的不要紧.Please don’t worry about it.请别为这事担心.It‘s nothing serious.没有什么关系.Please think nothing of it.请别想它了.Well,it’s one of those things.哦,这是常有的事.That‘s all right.?#36824;?#31995;.Please don’t blame yourself.请别责备自己.Forget thinking of it.别再想它了

 

十、邀请与应答(Invitation and responses)

 

1、用?#35805;?#30097;问句形式

Will / would / can / could you come to...? 是被邀请人接受的可能性较大.表示“请您来...好吗?”。例如:

Will you come to take part in my party? 你来参加我的聚会好吗?

Would you like +名词(代词) / 不定式 / sb.+不定式?

此句型表示“您愿意...?或你是否愿意...?”,此时邀请人不知对方是否接受邀请,是商量、询问及试?#21483;?#30340;邀请、请求或表示个人的想法、看法。 例如:

Would you like to go there with him? 你愿意与他一道去那儿吗?

B:Yes, I‘d like(love) to好的,我愿意.(?#21992;?#32943;定表达法:Yes, I’d be happy to.好的,我很乐意.Yes,

it‘s very kind / nice of you to invite me. 好的,谢谢您邀请我。

Yes,it’s very kind of you. 真是太好了,谢谢。

 

2、用陈述句形式

I like sb. to do sth./ I‘d like you to come to....这是向某人发出邀请的常见句式。表示“希望(想?#26657;?#26576;人做某事”,常与would连用,是一种客气的邀请。例如:

A :I‘d like to invite you to see a film with me.我想请你和我一起去看电影.

B: I‘d like(love) to, but I’m very busy.我很想,但我很忙.(?#21992;?#22996;婉拒绝表达法:I‘d love to....I’m afraid我想去,恐怕...,Thank you for inviting me.)

It‘s very kind of you to invite me, but I’m busy.谢谢你邀请我,但我很忙.)

 

十一、提供帮助和应答(Offers and responses)

Can/ could/ Shall I help you (with that)? 我可以帮你吗? / Can/ Could/ Shall I do...for you? 我可以帮你干...吗? / What can I do for you? 我能为你做什么? / Would you like some/any help? 你要不要什么帮助? /Would you like me to do sth. for you ? 你要不要什么帮助? / Would you like me to do sth. for you ? 你要不要我为你干... ? / Do you want me to... ? 你要我干...吗? / Is there anything (else) I can do (for you)? 还有什么(别的事)我可以为你效劳吗? / Let me do...for you. 让我来帮你干...吧.

应答时,?#36824;?#20320;需不需要对方的帮助,首先得表示?#34892;?

Thank you./ Thanks a lot/ Thank you very much. 谢谢./ Yes, please./ Thanks, please. 好的,谢谢./ Thank you for your help. 谢谢你的帮助.

如果需要帮助可以说:

Thanks. That‘s very kind /good / nice (of you). 谢谢,那太好了.

如果谢绝帮助,可以说: No, thanks. I can manage it myself.谢谢,我自己可以对付./ No, thank you, but I can do it myself. 谢谢,我能行./ No, I can do it, but thank you all the same.我可以干,谢谢./ That‘s all right. thank you. 没什么,谢谢.

 

十二、看病时病交际用语

 

1、医生询?#20160;?#24773;时的常用语

What can I do for you“ 你看什么病? / What‘s wrong/the matter/ the trouble with you? 你有什么不舒服./ Is there anything wrong with you? 有什么看病吗?

 

2、病人诉说病情时的常用语

I feel terrible/ bad/ ill sick. 我感到很不舒服./ I don‘t feel well. /I’m not feeling well.我感到不舒服./ I‘m not in good health. 我身体不好./ There is something wrong with... 我的...有毛病.

I have / have got.... 我觉得...痛./ My back / nose hurts / aches. 我的背/鼻子痛.

 

3、医生给病人检查时的常用语

(Lie down and )let me exam you. (躺下),让我检查一下./ Does it hurt here? 这儿痛吗?

 

4、医生看完病后对病人提出医嘱时的常用语

It‘s nothing serious. 病不重.不要紧./ You’d better have a good rest. 你最好好好休息休息.

Take this medicine three times a day. 这药每天吃三次./ Drink plenty of water and have a good rest. 多?#20154;?#22909;好休息./ You have a high temperature. 你发烧了,/ 你体温高./ You‘d better go to bed don’t get up until you feel Better. 你最好躺在床上,感到好一点再起床./ Take 2 pills now and 2 more in 4 hours‘ time. 现在吃2片药,隔4小时再吃2片./ I advise you(not) to... 我劝你(别)... / I suggest you... 我建议你... / You’ll be well/ all right soon. 不久你会好的.

 

十三 、谈论天气情况

1、It is raining /blowing /snowing ,(isn‘t it ?)下雨了/刮风了/下雪了,(对吗?)

It is +adj ./n.(today ). 今天的天气...这类句子都是用来发表对天气的看法的.“It is +ady /n (today )”中间可用表述天气情况的形容?#39542;?#21517;词,应答时可说:Yes ,it is .

2、What‘s the weather like today ? 今天天气怎样? / What’s the weather going to be like ...? 天气将怎样?

这两个句型都是用来询问天气情况的.前者询问当天的天气后者询问未来的天气,在like 后加表示未来的时间状语(如tomorrow .the day after tomorrow )应答时可说:It‘s fine /warm /cold /hot ...或It’s going to be fine /warm/cold /hot ...

“What‘s the weather like ...?”也可以用“How is the weather...?”表达,其意思想同.

 

十四 、?#20107;?#21450;应答的交际用语

Excuse me. Can you tell me the way to ...? ?#22270;藎?#35831;告诉我去.....(地方)怎么走? / Excuse me. Han can I get to...? ?#22270;藎试?#26679;去.....(地方)? / Excuse me, please, where is...? ?#22270;藎?#35831;问去...的路怎么去?

?#20107;肥保?#39318;?#20154;?ldquo;Excuse me.”意思是“请原谅”、“请问”、“?#22270;?rdquo;,表示因为打扰而道歉,然后再?#20107;罰?#24212;答时可根据?#23548;?#24773;况回答.常用的有以下几种表达:

How far is it from here? 它离这里多远? / It‘s about...meters from here. 它离这里大约...?#33258;?/ It’s about...yards/meters down this street./ Go straight ahead till you see...沿着这条街走约...米就到了./ Go straight ahead till you see... 照直走到...(地方)为止 ./ Go down/along this street. 沿着这条街走下去./ Take this street/road. 走这条街/大路./ Go through the gate and you‘ll find the entrance to...穿过大门,你就会看到...的几口处./ Go down/along this street till you get to ...沿着这条街走到...(地方)为止./ Turn right/left at the first/second crossing.在第一/二个十字路口向右/左转./ You’d better take a taxi/minibus/No. 5 bus...你最好坐出租车/乘小公共汽车 / 乘5路公共汽车.

 

十五 、就餐时的交际用语

 

1、就餐时,当主人询问客人想吃/喝点什么时,主人常说:

Would you like sth.(to eat / to drink)?你想吃 / 喝点...吗? / What would you like (to have)? 你想要吃点什么? / Would you like some more...? 你还要点...吗? / How about (some more) ...? (再)来点...怎么样?

 

2、就餐时,当主人主动请客人吃/喝点东西时,主人常说:

Help yourself to...? 你吃/喝点...吧./ Let me give you...? 让我来人你...吧./ Make yourself at home. 请随便吃,不要客气.

 

3、当客人表示愿意或同意吃/喝点东西时,常回答:

Yes, please,好的.I‘d like...我想来点....Well, just a little, please. 好的,请来一点儿.

4、当客人表示不想吃/喝东西或表示已经?#21592;?喝好了时,常回答:No, thanks, 谢谢,不要了.Thank you , I‘ve had enough. 谢谢,我已经够了.I’m full, thank you. 谢谢,?#39029;员?#20102;.

 

十六、告别

 

1、告别前用语

I‘m afraid I must be off/be going/be leaving now.恐怕?#19994;?#36208;了./ I think I must be off/ be going/ be leaving now.我?#27425;业?#36208;了./ Well, It’s getting late.噢,天已晚了./ I‘ve got to go now.现在我必须得走了./ Maybe we could get together sometime.也许我们什么时候还能再聚一聚.

 

2、对告别前用语的回答

Thank you for coming.多谢你的光临./ Yes, I‘ve enjoy it.对,我很开心./ My pleasure, too.这也是我的荣幸./ Could you stay a little longer? 你能再呆一会儿吗?/ In that case, I won’t keep you.那么我就不留你了.

 

3、告别用语

Good-bye! / Be seeing you soon. Bye! / Bye! / Bye for now. / See you. / See you later. Bye-bye! 再见!Good night.晚安!Have a pleasant journey!/ Wish you a pleasant journey.祝你旅途愉快!Don‘t forget to give me a ring.不要忘记给我来电话.Remember to give me a ring.记住给我来电话.

 

4、对告别用语的回答

Good-bye!再见!/ Good night!晚安!You too. / Same to you.你也一样.So long. Take care.再见!保重.

 

十七、赞美和恭维及应答(Making Compliments and Responses)

It‘s beautiful. 真漂亮!/ That’s marvellous! 真了不起!/ It‘s a lovely picture! 多好看的照片!/ I’m glad you did...... 我很高兴你做了....../ I‘m pleased you did... 我很兴奋你做了....../ How clever of you! 你好聪明哦!/ I like the way you did...... 我?#19981;?#20320;做......的方式/ I admire the way you do...... 我敬佩你做......的方式/ I’ve never seen such a...... ?#19968;?#27809;有见到过如此的......./ What a nice coat you have! 你的外衣很漂亮哦!/ You look very smart today! 你今天看上去好神气哦! / What a wonderful house! 你的房子好漂亮哦!/ It matches your suit perfectly. 这和你的?#36335;?#24456;相配./ You‘ve certainly given us a very good lecture. 你的确给我们做了一场精彩的讲演./ You have a beautiful smile.你的笑真美. / You have a good sense of humour.你挺有幽默感的./ Your wife is beautiful. 你的妻子真漂亮./ You gave an excellent speech.你的演讲真精彩. / Your car is nice.你的车真漂亮. / This is a lovely dinner./The dinner is great.这顿饭真不错. / That’s a very nice suit you‘ve got on.你穿的?#36335;?#24456;漂亮. / That was a marvellous speech. 那是一场了不起的演讲./ You look wonderful this evening! 你今晚看上去很不错! / What a nice living room so comfortable! 我很?#19981;?#20320;的家具,你在哪儿买的? / I appreciate your new car.我非常欣赏你的新车.(对朋友的精彩表演、杰出成绩,你若亲临?#27542;。?#21487;直?#28216;?#20182;大声喝彩)

Well done, Johnson! 干得好,?#24049;?#36874;!/ I‘m so happy for you! 真为你感到高兴!/ It’s very well deserved! 就该这样!/ You must be terribly pleased!你一定非常高兴吧!/ Aren‘t you very excited, Tom?汤姆,你一定很激动吧!

Oh, I‘m glad you like it. 哦,你?#19981;叮艺?#39640;兴./ I’m glad you think so. / I‘m delighted you think so. 你能这样认为?#33402;?#39640;兴./ Oh, thank you.哦,谢谢! /How kind of you to say that. 你能那样说真好./ I’m glad to hear that.听到这?#33402;?#39640;兴. / Thanks for saying so.谢谢你这样说.

 

十八 、约会的交际用语

 

1、询问对方是否有空:

Will you be free (tonight/ tomorrow/...)?你(今晚/明天 ...)有空吗?

肯定回答:Yes, I‘ll be free (tonight / tomorrow...).我(今晚/明天...)有空.

否定回答:No,I won‘t be free(tonight/ tomorrow...).不,(今晚/明天...)没有空.

 

比较客气委婉的否定回答:

I‘m afraid not. (I’m afraid I‘m not free tonight/tomorrow...).恐怕没有空.

 

2、询?#35797;?#20250;的时间、地点:

What time shall we meet? 我们什么时候会面呢? /Where is the best place to meet? 我们最好在什么地方会面呢? / How about 5 p.m./ tonight/ tomorrow...?下午五点(今晚/明天......)怎么样? / What about (meeting) at the gate/ outside the station...? 在大门口/在车站外边碰头怎么样? /Shall we meet at 7:30 p.m. at the gate ?我们下午七点半大门口碰头好吗? / I‘ll meet you at the theatre at 7:30 p.m.?#19968;?#22312;七点半在剧场见你./ I suggest 7 o’clock.我建议七点钟(碰头).

 

3、有关约会的时间,地点的询问和应答,可根据具体情况进行.

 

十九、关心和焦虑的交际用语

1、What‘s wrong/the matter(with)...?表示的意思是“你怎么啦?”、“你有什么不舒服?”、“出了什么毛病?”,用来询问对方的疾病、痛苦、忧伤、事故等情况,.句中的wrong作“失常的”、“状况不佳的”,matter作“麻烦事”、“毛病”、“?#25910;希?#25351;病痛或事故的原因.”

What‘s wrong with...和What’s the matter with...?两个句子意思相同,可以互换.

2、Is there anything the matter?意思是“出了什么事吗?”、“有什么毛病吗”这个句子还可以简化为:anything the matter?

3、We are anxious/worried about...“be anxious/worried about”意思是“为(某人/某事)担心”,可用于各种时态,其中的be可用get代替(即“get anxious /worried about”)

4、There is no need to be worried.没有必要担心./ There is nothing to worry about.没有什么可以担心的.

对于别人的担心或焦虑,常可以用以上句子表?#31350;?#24944;.

 

二十、喜好、厌恶和偏爱

 

I. 表示喜好

1、用I like /love sth./sb. 来表达.(表示“我不?#19981;?#26576;人/某事”)

2、用I like/love to do sth./doing sth.来表达(表示“我为?#19981;?#20570;某事”的意思)

注意:1)在 like后加上表示程度的词如:very much ,a lot, little,等

3、用I enjoy sth./doing sth.来表达.(表示“我?#19981;?欣赏某事”的意思)

 

II. 表示厌恶

1、用I don‘t like (to).......来表达.(表示“我不?#19981;?#26576;人/某事”的意思)

2、用I hate (to).......来表达(表示“我不?#19981;?#26576;人/某事”的意思)

3、用.Idon‘t enjoy sth./doing sth来表达.(表示“我不?#19981;?#26576;人/欣赏某事”的意思)

 

III. 表示偏爱

1、用I prefer A to B.来表达.( 表示“ 我?#19981;禔甚过?#19981;禕”的意思)2、用would rather do........来表达(表示“宁愿做........”的意思 )

 

二十一、表?#23601;?#24847;和不同意的用语

 

1、表?#23601;?#24847;

Certainly./ Sure./ Of course.当然可以./No problem. 没有问题.Yes ,I think so.是的,我也这样认为./ I agree with sb.我同意某人的看法./ I agree with sb. 我同意某事.I agree that... 我同意.../ Good idea ! / That‘s a good idea.好主意./ It’s a good idea to do sth. 干某事是人好主意./Yes ,please.是的,请吧./ You are right . 你是对的./ That‘s true./Ok./All right. 好的./ That’s just what I think. 我也是那么想的./ That‘s my opinion, too.我也是那么想的. /There’s no doubt about it.那毫无疑问.

 

2、表示不同意.

No,I don‘t think so. 不,我不这样认为./ I don’t agree with sb. 我不同意某人的看法./ I don‘t agree to sth. 我不同意某事./ I don’t agree that . 我不同意.... / I‘m afraid not. /I’m afraid that...恐怕(不)...

 

二十二、表?#31350;?#23450;和否定的用语

 

1、表?#31350;?#23450;:

Sure./of course./Certainly.肯定/当然/一定./ I‘m sure of/about...我确信... / I’m sure that...我确信.../ That‘s sure.是真的.

 

2、表示否定

No.不是./ I‘m not sure of/about...对...我没有把握./ I’m not sure whether/if...我没有把握...

 

二十三、语言困难( Language Difficulties )

1、当不知某个词的发音时,用How do you pronounce...? 这个词你怎么读?

2、当不知某个词的汉语意思时,用What‘s the Chinese meaning of the word...?...词的汉语意思是什么??#21992;?#30340;表过还有:What do you mean by...in Chinese?/What’s the Chinese for...?/ What does ...mean in Chinese?

3、当不知某个词的拼写时,用Could/can you spell the word?你能拼一下这个?#20107;穡?/span>

4、当没听清(懂)对方讲话内容时,

用I‘m sorry, I didn’t quite follow(catch)you.对不起,请再说一遍时,可用下列句型表达:I‘m afraid I didn’t follow (catch)起,我没有听懂(清).

5、当没听懂(清)对方所说的话或请求对?#30342;?#37325;复you./Would you mind I repeating that? /pardon ?Beg your pardon?/ I beg your pardon? / Could you say that again ?/Would you please say that again?/Would you please say that more slowly?

6、问对方是否听懂(清)时,

用:Is that clear? /Have I made myself clear?/Do you see what I mean ?/ Do you understand?

7、当不知如何表达某一意思时,用:I‘m sorry, I know only a little English. I don’t know how to say it in English(I don‘t know the exact word in English),but it is some thing like...对不起,?#21307;?#25026;一点点英语.我不知如何用英语表达这个词(我不知道英语中能表达该意思的准确的词),但它有点象....

8、当表示在语言某方面上有无困难时,可用 I have some(no, much, little, a little,some) difficulty (trouble)in pronouncing(spelling,......) .......意为“在做某事方面有一些(没有、很多、很少、有一点困难).”或用have some (no,little,a little,much ,any)difficulty(trouble) with sth.

9、订正或澄清错误时,用:I‘m sorry, I have made a mistake.对不起,我犯了个错误.I’m sorry, I should have said...对不起,我本该说....That‘s not what I meant.我不是那个意思.What I mean is ...我的意思是....I’ll try to explain that again,?#21307;?#23613;力再解释一下.

 

二十四、表示禁止和警告的交际用语

1、Look out! /Be careful! / Take care!

这三个句子都作“当心、小心”解,look out语气最强,往往用于某种紧急的情况或可能出现危险的场合,其后接for短语.take care语气没有那样强,多用于对可能出现的不测作出预先的提醒或警告,其后可接不定式短语或that从句,从句的谓语动词用?#35805;?#29616;在时.be careful可代替look out和take care,其后也可接不定式以及about, with等介词短语.

2、下列句型也可用来表示警告:

Don‘t do sth.......or......不要干某事,否则....If you.......you’ll......如果你...,你就会...

3、以否定祈使句或“No+-ing”表示禁止和警告.

Don‘t smoke! 不准抽烟!/ Don’t be late!不要迟到! / Don‘t take pictures here! 不要在此拍照! / No smoking!不准抽烟!/ No parking!不准停车! / No spitting! 不要随地吐?#25285;?/span>

4、用can‘t / mustn’t表示禁止和警告.

 

二十五、询问国籍、籍贯,姓名及职业时的常用语

What‘s your nationality? Are you American...? 你是哪国人? / 你是美国人吗? / Are you from American / Britain... ? 你是美国人/英国人...吗?/ Where are you from ? 你是哪里人? / What country are you from ? 你是哪个国家的? / What are you? 你是干什么的? / Who are you? 你是谁? / What’s your name? 你叫什么名字?

 

二十六、谈论爱好Talking about Hobbies.

 

询问对方的业余爱好

What are your hobbies? 你的爱好是什么? / What do you often do in your free/ spare time? 你在业余时间经常做什么? / What are your favorite sports? 你最喜爱的运动是什么? / Do you like+drawing/ playing chess....? 你?#19981;?#32472;画/下棋....? / What are you interested in after work?下班后你对什么有兴趣?

 

叙述自己的爱好

My hobby is.....我的爱好是...... / I enjoy+watching Tv/ listening to music......我?#19981;?#30475;电视 / 听音乐....../ I like /love + collecting stamps /fishing......我?#19981;都?#37038; / 钓鱼....../ I find.....very interesting.我觉得.......很有趣.

 

二十七 、表示遗憾、同情的交际用语

1、be afraid that.......恐怕......

2、It‘s a pity(that).....真是很遗憾..... 这是表示遗憾的交际用语,后面跟的that从句就是所指的遗憾的事情.在口语中that常可省略.

3、What a pity/shame!真是遗憾!(真可惜!)用的是省略的感叹句.(语气较随便)

表?#23601;?#24773;时常用I‘m sorry to hear......或I’m so sorry.来表达,hear后可接that也可接that从句,表示“听说......我很难过”,注意I‘m so sorry.在意思上不同于道歉.

 

二十八、有关意愿和希望的交际用语

 

I. 询问对方的意愿

1、What do you want/plan/intend/hope to do...? /你想要/计划/打算/希望干什么?

应答时用:I want / plan / intend / hope to do...我想要/计划/打算/希望干什么.

注意:在动词want / plan / intend / hope...之后要接不定式(而不接动名词形式)作宾语.

2、What‘s your plan for ...?(What are your plans for...?)你有...有什么计划?

应签时可用I plan / intend / hope + to do ...或视其具体情况作答.

3、What do you feel like doing?你想做什么呢?在答语“I feel like doing.....”之后还可跟名词.

4、What would you like to do sth?你想做什么呢?答语“I‘d like to(do sth.)”是“I would like”的省略,后跟动?#35797;?#24418;.

 

II. 表示希望用的句型:

I want / wish / hope to....我希望做什么 / I hope + that - clause. 我希望... / I wish + that - clause.但愿...

注意:上述句型中,在I hope / wish 之后跟由that引导的宾语从句.在口语中,that常可省略.在I wish后的宾语从句中用陈述语气;在that后的宾语从句中用虚拟语气.

 

二十九、 表示判断和意见

What do you think of....?/ How do you like....?/How did you find......?你认为......怎么样?

What‘s you opinion of......?你对........的看法是什么?Tell us what you think about/ of.......谈谈你对的.......看法?We’d like to have your views/ opinions about.......我们想听听你对......的看法?

Well done/ Good work!很好!干得不错!Not bad.不错!It certainly is.的确如此.It‘s correct to do(sth)......是对的.It seems (to me) that-clause.(在我看来)好象.......In my opinion,...../ As I see it, ...依我看,......So far as I know, ... / From what I know/ understand......就我所知,......I would say......我认为......I think / believe / suppose......很可能......I’m sure......我确信......I don‘t think......我认为....不...It doesn’t seem possible that-clause,.........好象不可能.

 

三十、征询

1、What‘s your opinion?你的看法呢?

In my opinion ...据我看,...

2、Do you think it is...?你可认为...吗?

Yes,I think so./No,I don‘t think so.是的,我也这样认为.不,我不这样认为.

/ Yes,I agree with you.是的,我同意你的看法.

/ No,I don‘t agree with you.不,我不同意你的看法.

3、What do you think about it?你对这事是怎么看的.

I think / I believe...你认为.....

4、Would you like+名?#39542;?#19981;定式?

此句型用来询?#26102;?#20154;的愿望的,其简略答语是I‘d like to或I’d love to我愿意。


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